Vol.13, No.1, February 2024.                                                                                                                                                                               ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

KurdSet Handwritten Digits Recognition Based on Different Convolutional Neural Networks Models


Sardar Hasen Ali, Maiwan Bahjat Abdulrazzaq


© 2024 Sardar Hasen Ali, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 221-233, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM131-23, February 2024.


Received: 25 August 2023.

Revised:   13 November 2023.
Accepted: 12 December 2023.
Published: 27 February 2024.




Recognition of handwritten digits has garnered significant interest among researchers in the domain of recognizing pattern. This interest stems from the recognition's relevance in various real-life applications, including reading financial checks and official documents, which has remained a persistent obstacle. To address this challenge, researchers have developed numerous algorithms focusing on recognizing handwritten digits across different human languages. This paper presents a new Kurdish Handwritten dataset, consisting of Kurdish characters, digits, texts, and symbols. The dataset consists of 1560 participants, encompassing a broad and varied group. It serves as the primary dataset for training and evaluating algorithms in Kurdish digit recognition. We used Kurdish dataset named (KurdSet) and Arabic dataset for handwritten recognition, which holds 70,000 images of Arabic digits that were written by 700 various participants. Additionally, various models are utilized in the study, including ResNet50, DenseNet121, MobileNet, and a custom CNN (convolutional neural network). Additionally, the models' effectiveness was assessed through the examination of test accuracy, which measures the percentage of correctly classified digits in the evaluation phase. ResNet50 also performs exceptionally well that achieved test accuracy 99.67%, indicating its All models exhibit good performance, DenseNet121 and the Custom CNN Model demonstrate the highest test accuracy of 99.73%, highlighting their superior performance. capabilities in capturing relevant features. Despite its accuracy, MobileNet still exhibits good recognition capability with a test accuracy 99.54%.


Keywords –Deep neural network, custom CNN, DenseNet121, ResNet50, MobileNet, Kurdish handwritten digits dataset, Arabic handwritten digits dataset.



Full text PDF >  



Copyright © 2024 UIKTEN
Copyright licence: All articles are licenced via Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 licence