Vol.8, No.3, August 2019.                                                                                                                                                                                ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Applying Complex-Function Based Web Technologies Intended for Animations in CSS3

Descriptive Language


Matija Varga


© 2019 Matija Varga, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 806-811, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM83-16, August 2019.


Received: 22 February 2019.

Revised:   01 June 2019.
Accepted: 14 June 2019.
Published:28 August 2019.




The research related to two parts: the first section of the paper (1) is exclusively related to presenting the practical work, i.e. of the animation made in CSS3 descriptive language. The animation was presented in both its design and code aspects. The code was explained in details and the paper showed the animation (after running the mouse pointer over the rectangle) causing the transformation of the rectangle into self-shaping elements with rounded corners. In terms of the style class, CSS3 descriptive language (animation) was presented within HTML5.1 elements. The classes, boxes and the elements within the code were explained in the first section of the paper. The second section of the research (2) presented proving or rejecting the hypothesis based on a survey. The sample on which the research was conducted was a representative one and it was a non-probability (purposive) sample made up of relevant experts and scientists from the realm of web developing and designing. The second section proved and/ or rejected the hypotheses H1, H2, H3 and H4 constituting the basic hypothesis Ht; the section in turn presented and analyzed the research results via graphs concerning the most frequently used web technologies and tools for designing web pages and animations on web pages. Moreover, the application tool voted as “the best” for rendering animations on web pages was stated as well.


Keywords – Bezier curve; dynamic CSS3; cubic-Bezier function; animation; applying web technologies; basic hypothesis.



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