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University of Regensburg

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Title: The Measurement of Hardness and Elastic Modulus of non-Metallic

             Inclusions in Steely Welding Joints

Authors: Ignatova Anna, Ignatov Mikhail.


Trunk pipelines work under a cyclic dynamical mechanical load because when oil or gas is pumped, the pressure constantly changes - pulsates. Therefore, the fatigue phenomenon is a common reason of accidents. The fatigue phenomenon more often happens in the zone of non-metallic inclusions concentration. To know how the characteristics of non-metallic inclusions influence the probability of an accident the most modern research methods should be used.
It is determined with the help of the modern research methods that the accident rate of welded joints of pipelines is mostly influenced by their morphological type, composition and size of nonmetallic inclusions, this effect is more important than the common level of pollution by non-metallic inclusions. The article presents the results of the investigations of welded joints, obtained after the use of different common welding materials. We used the methods, described in the state standards: scanning electronic microscopy, spectral microprobe analysis and nano-indentation. We found out that non-metallic inclusions act like stress concentrators because they shrink, forming a blank space between metal and non-metallic inclusions; it strengthens the differential properties on this boundary. Nonmetallic inclusion is not fixed, it can move.
The data that we have received mean that during welded joints’ contamination (with non-metallic inclusions) monitoring process, more attention should be paid to the content of definite inclusions, but not to total contamination.

Keywords – pipeline, non-metallic inclusions, reliability, fatigue, hardness, shrinkage, nano-indentation.


Ignatova Anna, Ignatov Mikhail.(2015).The Measurement of Hardness and Elastic Modulus of non-Metallic Inclusions in Steely Welding Joints.TEM Journal, 4(3), 314-318.


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