Vol.13, No.2, May 2024.                                                                                                                                                                               ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Enhancing Savonius Rotor Performance With Zigzag Surface Investigated at Drag Force, Pressure, and Flow Visualization Analysis


Ruzita Sumiati, Uyung Gatot S. Dinata, Dendi Adi Saputra


© 2024 Uyung Gatot S. Dinata, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 866-874, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM132-03, May 2024.


Received: 29 October 2023.

Revised:   07 February 2024.
Accepted: 22 February 2024.
Published: 28 May 2024.




Savonius, a type of vertical-axis wind turbine, is a small-scale energy conversion device suitable for low wind speeds, such as those characteristic of Indonesian wind speeds, yet has low efficiency. Savonius is a drag-type turbine. Drag force on the surface is affected by roughness or wavyness. The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of applying wavy (zigzag) variations to the concave surface of Savonius blades on their performance. This was achieved by the use of 3D computational fluid dynamics simulation at TSR 0.6 with a velocity inlet of 5 m/s. The model was semicircular, zigzag on the concave surface on semicircular with t = 0.75, t = 0.25, and t = 1 mm. The result of this study's CD maximum is 1,817 at the zigzag model with t = 1 and CD avrg =1.24. The average drag coefficient increased by 14 percent compared to the conventional semicircular rotor. The maximum Cp value is also found at t = 1 mm, which is 0.315. The power coefficient increased by 29 percent compared to the conventional semicircular rotor. The total pressure on the blade shows the highest model with t = 1 mm at the same angle of attack (α = 30). Zigzag on the concave surface affects blade pressure, which improves the performance of the Savonius rotor.


Keywords –Savonius rotor, 3D simulations, renewable energy, blade profile, wavy rotor.



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