Vol.13, No.2, May 2024.                                                                                                                                                                               ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Level of Graphic Skills of Elementary School Students


Viera Tomková, Kitti Páleniková


© 2024 Viera Tomková, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 1548-1558, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM132-68, May 2024.


Received: 13 December 2023.

Revised:   02 March 2024.
Accepted: 16 March 2024.
Published: 28 May 2024.




Slovak students have been consistently achieving low scores in international PISA assessments in the areas of mathematical and scientific literacy. It has been found that students lack adequate graphic competencies necessary for problem-solving. In an effort to improve the education of students in primary schools, a school reform was implemented. The aim of the study is to investigate the impact of the school reform and online education during COVID-19 on the level of graphical skills of 9th-grade primary school students. The authors also examined the relationship between the level of graphical skills of boys and girls. The research sample consisted of 92 9th-grade primary school students (15 year olds). The research tool was a test consisting of 10 tasks focused on various aspects of students' graphical skills. The results of the study pointed to the need to pay attention not only to the graphical competencies of primary school students but also to the graphical competencies of future teachers during their undergraduate preparation.


Keywords – Education, student, graphical skill, graphical literacy.



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