Vol.13, No.2, May 2024.                                                                                                                                                                               ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Evaluation of Cohesive Affective Design Model for People With Visual Challenges Through Expert Review Method


Nurulnadwan Aziz, Siti Salbiah Hamzah, Nur Hazwani Mohamad Roseli, Aishah Khalid, Siti Zulaiha Ahmad, Sobihatun Nur Abdul Salam, Ariffin Abdul Mutalib


© 2024 Nurulnadwan Aziz, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 1432-1442, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM132-57, May 2024.


Received: 27 January 2024.

Revised:   08 May 2024.
Accepted: 15 May 2024.
Published: 28 May 2024.




Affective design plays a crucial role in creating satisfying user experiences by incorporating emotional elements into product or interface development. However, visually impaired individuals often face challenges in accessing positive interactions that cater to their unique needs. This research presents an iterative approach to developing and evaluating an affective design model specifically tailored for visually impaired users. The iterative triangulation methodology (ITM) was employed across theoretical, construction, and evaluation phases, incorporating expert reviews to refine the model. Results from the expert review revealed the need for a more nuanced breakdown of elements, particularly in content, user, design, multimedia and learning, affective, technology, and interaction components. The revised model addresses these insights, emphasizing adaptability for visually impaired users. Key enhancements include specific design components, multimedia theories, and learning approaches. The revised affective design model offers improved clarity and readability, reflecting a comprehensive synthesis of expert insights. It contributes to creating an inclusive interaction environment for visually impaired individuals, aligning with broader goals of accessibility and inclusivity in design. This research serves as a valuable resource for educators, curriculum developers, and policymakers working towards fostering inclusive learning experiences.


Keywords – Interaction design, assistive technology, affective design, iterative triangulation methodology, user centred approach, expert review, visual impairment.



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