Vol.13, No.1, February 2024.                                                                                                                                                                               ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

A Miniaturized Multi-Beam Wideband High Gain-5G Antenna Based on a Novel Design of Compact 4x4 Butler Matrix


Mohammed Sadiq, Nasri Bin Sulaiman, Maryam BT Mohd Isa, Mohd Nizar Hamidon, Muntadher Talib


© 2024 Mohammed Sadiq, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 783-796, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM131-81, February 2024.


Received: 18 October 2023.

Revised:   29 December 2023.
Accepted: 15 January 2024.
Published: 27 February 2024.




This research focuses on developing a uniquely miniaturized 4×4 Butler Matrix Network integrated with a 1×4 linear array antenna, generating four beams with exceptional isolation and transmission coefficients. Extensive analyses evaluate the antenna's radiation characteristics, including gain, directivity, and beam-forming capabilities. Innovative design techniques achieve significant Butler matrix miniaturization without compromising performance, resulting in a compact final design measuring 23mm × 20.5mm. The integrated multi-beam antenna array demonstrates favorable outcomes, ensuring impedance matching at 50Ω, high gain, and four beams directed at angles of ±8º and ±33º. These results highlight the design's superiority over traditional counterparts, with gains of up to 11 dB. Detailed radiation patterns for all ports are presented. The paper also provides insights into the manufacturing process, materials used, and challenges faced. The results conclusively confirm the system's compliance with performance criteria, effectively operating within the 28 GHz frequency band. This research significantly contributes to downsizing antenna systems, facilitating more compact and efficient communication devices in the future.


Keywords –5G technology, wideband, Butler-matrix, slot antenna array, multi-beam antenna.



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