Vol.13, No.1, February 2024.                                                                                                                                                                               ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Sensitivity Options of 5G Non-Standalone Deployment Strategies: A Simulation Model for Emerging Countries


Muhammad Imam Nashiruddin, Putri Rahmawati, Muhammad Adam Nugraha, Ahmad Tri Hanuranto, Muhammad Suryanegara, Yunendah Nur Fuadah


© 2024 Muhammad Imam Nashiruddin, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 36-49, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM131-04, February 2024.


Received: 27 September 2023.

Revised:   25 December 2023.
Accepted: 09 January 2024.
Published: 27 February 2024.




Deploying cutting-edge 5G technology is a major challenge for mobile operators in emerging countries, facing hurdles on both the technical and economic fronts. This study provides specific ways in which mobile companies in developing countries can use 5G technology to benefit economically. This study utilizes a sensitivity option with a techno-economic analysis (TEA) simulation model to evaluate business options influencing successful 5G non-standalone (NSA) deployment in these markets, using Indonesia’s Bandung City as a case study. The analysis finds that Bandung requires 172 5G gNodeBs to meet traffic demand. Further, the 5G NSA deployment delivers strong key performance indicators (KPIs), with good signal synchronization received power (SS-RSRP) and signal-to-interference noise ratio (SS-SINR). Sensitivity analysis identifies the gNodeB amount as the most critical parameter impacting overall 5G NSA deployment feasibility. Overall, the analysis indicates mobile operators can recover investments after 3 years and 10 months, providing evidence for the viability of 5G NSA deployment in Bandung’s urban area.


Keywords –5G technology, business sensitivity, non-standalone, urban area, techno-economic.



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