Vol.12, No.4, November 2023.                                                                                                                                                                               ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Beyond Smart Devices: Fostering Critical, Communication and Collaborative Thinking in IoT-Based Sensor and Actuator Competence Learning Outcomes


Farid Baskoro, Bambang Suprianto, Lilik Anifah, Yuyun Atik Indriyani


© 2023 Farid Baskoro, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 12, Issue 4, Pages 2396-2407, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM124-52 November 2023.


Received: 15 June 2023.

Revised:   01 September 2023.
Accepted: 10 September 2023.
Published: 27 November 2023.




This research aims to explore the level of critical and collaborative thinking among university students in IoT-based sensor and actuator competence courses in Surabaya during 2022-2023. This study employs quantitative research methods and utilizes the structural equation modeling approach with partial least squares algorithm for analysis. This paper aims to explore the intricate connections between critical thinking, communication skills, collaboration skills, and learning outcomes in the context of sensor and actuator competence by examining the existing research and exploring practical implications. Respondents comprise of 360 electrical engineering students in Surabaya currently taking sensor and actuator competencies in the 2022/2023 school year. The findings had significant role of collaborative learning in enhancing the association between critical thinking and learning outcomes, particularly in the affective and psychomotor domains. Collaborative learning can be considered an effective strategy to reinforce the connection between critical thinking and academic achievement in these two domains. The implications of this study have the potential to guide educational institutions in designing and implementing effective strategies for fostering critical and collaborative thinking skills among students in IoT-related fields.


Keywords – Critical thinking, learning outcomes, path analysis, sensor and actuator.



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