Vol.12, No.4, November 2023.                                                                                                                                                                               ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Harnessing Sociographs to Design Discussion Groups for Mathematics Learning: A Social Network Analysis Approach


Zainnur Wijayanto, Yohanes Leonardus Sukestiyarno, Kristina Wijayanti, Emi Pujiastuti


© 2023 Yohanes Leonardus Sukestiyarno, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 12, Issue 4, Pages 2305-2311, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM124-41 November 2023.


Received: 24 July 2023.

Revised:   20 October 2023.
Accepted: 02 November 2023.
Published: 27 November 2023.




As one of the 21st-century competencies, mathematical communication ability must be achieved through interactions created between teachers and students, and among students. Discussion groups are an alternative that generates interaction between students. Currently, not many teachers design discussion groups based on communication networks. This study aims to describe the results of Social Networking Analysis in independent mathematics learning through group discussions using graph representation. This network analysis is a complete communication network analysis with a quantitative descriptive method using UCINET Ver.6. This study uses five aspects to analyze the data, namely: (1) eigenvector centrality, (2) degree centrality, (3) closeness centrality, (4) betweenness centrality, and (5) network density. The subjects of this study were 32 students at a junior high school in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, who were selected based on suggestions from the mathematics teacher.The data in this study were collected using questionnaires, observation, and interviews. Hence, the validity and reliability of each one has been examined. According to the study, 43.8% of students' independent arithmetic learning falls into the medium category. It implies that students frequently decide on study sessions with discussion partners and take the initiative to identify and arrange the answers. Based on the data, four groups were created, each with eight pupils. This study is anticipated to serve as a benchmark for other investigations into the efficacy of discussion groups created in conformity with 21st-century skills.


Keywords – Sociograph, social networking analysis, mathematics learning.



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