Vol.12, No.4, November 2023.                                                                                                                                                                               ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Business Sensitivity Options of Carrier Aggregation Strategies: A Simulation Model for 4G Deployment in Emerging Countries


Muhammad Imam Nashiruddin, Pinasthika Aulia Fadhila, Nachwan Mufti Adriansyah, Ishak Ginting, Muhammad Adam Nugraha, Putri Rahmawati


© 2023 Muhammad Imam Nashiruddin, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 12, Issue 4, Pages 2088-2100, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM124-20, November 2023.


Received: 06 June 2023.

Revised:   05 September 2023.
Accepted: 09 September 2023.
Published: 27 November 2023.




Indonesia’s growing population increasingly relies on 4G networks, presenting challenges for the Ministry managing mobile broadband adoption. There are severe data network congestion problems in metropolitan areas, particularly Jakarta, Indonesia’s capital city. Urgent action is required to address infrastructure and capacity limitations and maintain reliable connectivity. Carrier aggregation (CA) may alleviate bottlenecks by giving users higher bandwidth, throughput, and data rates. This research examined the techno-economic aspects of using 2.1 GHz CA versus non-CA in an urban region of North Jakarta. CA required fewer eNodeB and performed better on key performance indicators like received signal power, signal-to-noise ratio, and throughput. Cellular operators also saw faster investment returns with CA. CA’s performance and economic benefits make it a promising solution for Indonesia’s 4G network congestion.


Keywords –4G network, carrier aggregation, cellular technology, urban area, techno-economic.



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