Vol.12, No.4, November 2023.                                                                                                                                                                               ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Hybrid Ethno-Project Based Learning Integrated With Virtual Assistive Technology to Enhance Students' Critical Thinking in Fundamental Physics Course


Wahyudi Wahyudi, Ni Nyoman Sri Putu Verawati, Islahudin Islahudin, Syafira Agustina


© 2023 Ni Nyoman Sri Putu Verawati, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 12, Issue 4, Pages 2006-2012, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM124-11, November 2023.


Received: 12 June 2023.

Revised:   13 September 2023.
Accepted: 06 October 2023.
Published: 27 November 2023.




The study explores the implementation of a novel pedagogical approach, hybrid ethnoscience-project based learning (E-PjBL) integrated with virtual assistive technology (VAT), to cultivate CT skills among students in a basic physics course. The E-PjBL framework integrates relevant cultural contexts and real-world projects into the physics curriculum. The presence of VAT provides a visual learning experience regarding ethnoscience contexts while also serving as a means to explain physics concepts at a high level of abstraction. The findings of our experiments reveal that students exposed to this hybrid approach show significant improvement in their CT skills, such as analysis, inference, evaluation, and decision-making. This research contributes to the growing knowledge of effective pedagogies that support the development of CT skills in the context of physics.


Keywords –Ethnoscience, project-based learning, virtual assistive technology, critical thinking skills.



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