Vol.12, No.3, August 2023.                                                                                                                                                                               ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Sustainable Development and Agricultural Economics: Focus on the Current Trends, Challenges, and Opportunities


Nikolche Jankulovski


© 2023 Nikolche Jankulovski , published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 1799-1807, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM123-63, August 2023.


Received: 11 February 2023.

Revised:   21 June 2023.
Accepted: 18 July 2023.
Published: 28 August 2023.




The current research aimed at addressing the trends, challenges, and opportunities in agricultural economics. The constant development in agricultural economics warrants a better understanding of such changes to help with effective decision making in agriculture. Consecutively, a review of literature has enabled the research to identify three trends; organic farming, agroforestry, and climate-smart agriculture. The research used secondary data and primary data when conducting the thematic analysis. The findings from the analysis revealed that opportunities such as consumer demand, profitability, and government subsidies motivated the farmers into undertaking sustainable practices. Meanwhile, the challenges such as time constraint, farm size, and access to equipment and expert skills acted as barriers that prevented the farmers from adopting sustainable practices.


Keywords –Sustainable development, agricultural economics, organic farming, agroforestry, climate smart agriculture.



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