Vol.12, No.3, August 2023.                                                                                                                                                                               ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Environmental Kuznets Curve: An Updated Empirical Vision for Ecuador


Cesar Salvador-Guerra, Juan-Antonio Jimber-del-Río, Arnaldo Vergara-Romero


© 2023 Arnaldo Vergara-Romero, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 1792-1798, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM123-62, August 2023.


Received: 24 April 2023.

Revised:   16 July 2023.
Accepted: 24 July 2023.
Published: 28 August 2023.




The Environmental Kuznets Curve provides a conceptual and empirical tool to discuss the relationship between economic development and environmental deterioration in the advancement of the study of the Anthropocene. The analysis is performed using World Bank data from 92 countries with at least 60 interludes and is subjected to a polynomial function model. The results show that the curve is N-shaped for countries with high per capita income. The fulfillment of the turn for Ecuador is related to a trend that can accept the assumption of the Kuznets Environmental Curve. Likewise, the study is limited to the ambiguities in the heterogeneity between countries, therefore, the analysis of the effectiveness of environmental policies, spatial variations and the long-term trend is recommended as future research.


Keywords –Economic growth, CO2 emissions, Environmental Kuznets Curve, environmental degradation, pollution.



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