Vol.12, No.3, August 2023.                                                                                                                                                                               ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Deep Learning With Processing Algorithms for Forecasting Tourist Arrivals


Harun Mukhtar, Muhammad Akmal Remli, Khairul Nizar Syazwan Wan Salihin Wong, Mohd Saberi Mohamad


© 2023 Harun Mukhtar, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 1742-1753, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM123-57, August 2023.


Received: 09 May 2023.

Revised:   29 July 2023.
Accepted: 14 August 2023.
Published: 28 August 2023.




The DL (Deep Learning) method is the standard for forecasting tourist arrivals. This method provides very good forecasting results but needs improvement if the data is small. Statistical data from the BPS (Central Bureau of Statistics) needs to be corrected, resulting in forecasts that tend to be invalid. This study uses statistical data and GT (Google Trends) as a solution so that the data is sufficient. GT data has a lot of noise because there is a shift between web searches and departures. This difference will produce noise that needs to be cleaned. We use monthly data from January 2008 to December 2021 from BPS sources combined with GT. Hilbert-Huang Transform (HHT) is proposed to clean data from various disturbances. The DL used in this study is long short-time memory (LSTM) and was evaluated using the root mean squared error RMSE and mean absolute percentage error (MAPE). The evaluation results show that the HHT-LSTM results are better than without data cleaning.


Keywords –Deep learning (DL), tourism arrivals, long short-time memory (LSTM), HHT, Google trends (GT), data.



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