Vol.12, No.3, August 2023.                                                                                                                                                                               ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Utilizing Virtual Laboratory to Improve CNC Distance Learning of Vocational Students at Higher Education


Febri Prasetya, Budi Syahri, Bayu Rahmadhani Fajri, Rizky Ema Wulansari, Aprilla Fortuna


© 2023 Febri Prasety, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 1506-1518, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM123-31, August 2023.


Received: 18 March 2023.

Revised:   21 June 2023.
Accepted: 18 July 2023.
Published: 28 August 2023.




This research develops learning materials for Computer Numerical Control (CNC) programming courses based on virtual reality technology. The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on social activities, one of which is the educational aspect, has changed the learning pattern to a massive one where the learning process that should be carried out face-to-face, but now must carry out distance learning. Therefore, alternative learning media is needed to support the practicum process from a distance by utilizing virtual reality technology that is simulated using digital devices. The Software engineering models, namely: requirements, design, implementation, verification, and maintenance phases are the five primary stages used in this study, which uses the waterfall development model research method. The feasible of the virtual laboratory obtained the results of material validation, learning media, and small group trials of 12 diploma students of Mechanical Engineering at Universitas Negeri Padang. The findings of the study found that small group trials in CNC virtual laboratory can be successfully utilized in CNC programming courses. This research is expected to have implications for improving learning outcomes in CNC programming courses by using virtual laboratory technology in creating a conducive and quality learning atmosphere, so that the learning material provided can be accepted by students.


Keywords –Virtual laboratory, CNC programming, learning media, distance learning.



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