Vol.11, No.4, November 2022.                                                                                                                                                                              ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Tourist motivations: Case Tatacoa desert - Colombia


Juan Manuel Andrade, Sergio Ramirez, Elías Ramirez


© 2022 Juan Manuel Andrade, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 11, Issue 4, Pages 1915-1923, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM114-60, November 2022.


Received: 01 September 2022.

Revised:   17 October 2022.
Accepted:  25 October 2022.
Published: 25 November 2022.




This article identified the motivations of national and foreign tourists who visited the Tatacoa desert in Colombia, based on the theory of push and pull motivation factors. For the above, a quantitative instrument was built - Likert-type survey - made up of nine dimensions, between push and pull factors. In this regard, reliability was measured with Cronbach's Alpha and validity through Confirmatory Factor Analysis, both of which were satisfactory. The construct was evaluated through a structural equation model using SPSS AMOS software. As a result, a good fit of the hypothesized model was obtained, while in the evaluation of the motivations, the higher level of motivation stands out in national tourists over international ones. Likewise, a high rating was obtained in the push factors, above the attraction factors, which denotes the strength of the tastes and preferences of tourists in the case.


Keywords – – Tourism, motivation, push factors, pull factors, Colombia.



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