Vol.11, No.3, August 2022.                                                                                                                                                                              ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Factors of Dynamic Shifts in Product and Process Architectures in Large Refrigerated Trucks


Koji Masuda, Yoshie Ishii, Oke Oktavianty, Shigeyuki Haruyama


© 2022 Koji Masuda, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 11, Issue 3, Pages 1140-1148, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM113-19, August 2022.


Received: 30 Jun 2022.

Revised:   29 July 2022.
Accepted: 05 August 2022.
Published: 29 August 2022.




In achieving sustainable growth, achieving originality, differentiation, and competitive advantage for its products is necessary for a company. Therefore, dynamic shifts in product and process architectures within the company are required in response to changes in the external environment. This study attempts a three-step analysis method to quantitatively measure the integrality of product and process architectures and evaluate the source of competitive advantage. Consequently, it was found that the factors of dynamic shifts in product and process architectures were technological changes and organizational capability changes, and the status of architecture changes could be evaluated.


Keywords –competitive advantage, organizational capability, product architecture, process architecture.



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