Vol.10, No.4, November 2021.                                                                                                                                                                           ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Mathematics Instruction to Promote Mathematics Higher-Order Thinking Skills of Students in Indonesia: Moving Forward


Benidiktus Tanujaya, Rully Charitas Indra Prahmana, Jeinne Mumu


© 2021 Rully Charitas Indra Prahmana, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 1945-1954, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM104-60, November 2021.


Received: 10 August 2021.

Revised:  14 November 2021.
Accepted: 20 November 2021.
Published: 26 November 2021.




HOTS instruction in mathematics is rarely explicitly programmed by the schoolteacher. As a result, students' HOTS is at the lowest level, especially in national or international assessments. The purpose of this research is to determine why mathematics education in Indonesia does not have a significant effect on student HOTS by conducting a review of several Indonesian publications on the subject. This research is a qualitative method of literature review related to the HOTS of Indonesian mathematics students, and an organized interview triangulated to support the data and information from the literature review. The interview consisted of two critical questions administered using Google Form: implementing active learning and mathematics textbooks on mathematics classroom activities. The results concluded that there were two primary sources of error in mathematics learning to increase HOTS in Indonesia: active learning and current mathematics textbooks. Besides, in teaching and learning practices, the active learning model is rarely used when using official texts that do not promote HOTS for mathematics students in Indonesia.


Keywords –higher-order thinking skills, active learning, mathematics textbook, literature review.



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