Vol.10, No.4, November 2021.                                                                                                                                                                           ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Machine Learning Algorithm to Predict Student’s Performance: A Systematic Literature Review


Lidia Sandra, Ford Lumbangaol, Tokuro Matsuo


© 2021 Lidia Sandra, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 1919-1927, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM104-56, November 2021.


Received: 03 August 2021.

Revised:  11 November 2021.
Accepted: 18 November 2021.
Published: 26 November 2021.




One of the ultimate goals of the learning process is the success of student learning. Using data and students' achievement with machine learning to predict the success of student learning will be a crucial contribution to everyone involved in determining appropriate strategies to help students perform. The selected 11 research articles were chosen using the inclusion criteria from 2753 articles from the IEEE Access and Science Direct database that was dated within 2019-2021 and 285 articles that were research articles. This study found that the classification machine learning algorithm was most often used in predicting the success of students' learning. Four algorithms that were used most often to predict the success of students' learning are ANN, Naïve Bayes, Logistic Regression, SVM and Decision Tree. Meanwhile, the data used in these research articles predominantly classified students' success in learning into two or three categories which are pass/fail; or fail/pass/excellent.


Keywords –machine learning algorithm, systematic literature review, student’s performance.



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