Vol.10, No.4, November 2021.                                                                                                                                                                           ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Thai Student Teacher Learning Innovation: A Second-Order Confirmatory Factor Analysis


Achah Binheem, Paitoon Pimdee, Sirirat Petsangsri


© 2021 Achah Binheem, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 1849-1856, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM104-48, November 2021.


Received: 03 July 2021.

Revised:  25 October 2021.
Accepted: 02 November 2021.
Published: 26 November 2021.




The study’s objective was to analyze the corroborating elements of a Thai student teacher’s (TST) learning innovation as perceived through the expertise of their teachers. Therefore, from 12 Thai teaching universities (Rajabhats) located across four Thai regions, multiple sampling techniques were used to select a sample of 151 teaching professionals. The research instrument was a questionnaire using a 5-level scale to assess the opinions on the four latent and 12 observed variables. The results showed that of the three latent variables analyzed that contributed to TST learning innovation (IN), learning innovation use (US) were perceived as most important, followed by the learning innovation development process (DE) and then the TST’s creative collaboration (CO) abilities, respectively. Finally, all the observed variables were determined to be compatible with TST innovation learning at a ‘high’ level.


Keywords –creative collaboration, learning innovation use, pre-service teachers, Rajabhat universities, Thailand.



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