Vol.10, No.4, November 2021.                                                                                                                                                                           ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Tool-Workpiece Interaction in the Cutting Process and Its Use


Karol Vasilko, Zuzana Murčinková


© 2021 Zuzana Murčinková, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 1733-1737, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM104-33, November 2021.


Received: 09 June 2021.

Revised:  20 October 2021.
Accepted: 26 October 2021.
Published: 26 November 2021.




The paper analyzes the influence of natural tool wear on parameters of chip shaping and machining forces and proposes the adjustment of tool geometry based on natural shape of crater wear to extend time of machining. The contact of the cutting tool and the workpiece at actual cutting speed is a complex physical process, the result of which is a specific shape and characteristics of the machined surface and the modification of tool cutting characteristics. Due to the fact that there is no existing cutting material which would resist wear in the conditions of working high stress and temperature, it is necessary to take into account that tool cutting conditions change with cutting time. This is caused by the change in tool geometry after its functional areas become worn out. One of the practical effects of those changes is gradual modification of machined surface geometry, its fortification, formation of residual stress, character of chip formation and shaping, the development of friction temperature and deformation in the zone of the contact of the tool and workpiece. This means that the cut part changes its characteristics. It is up to date to eliminate or at least mitigate this negative influence of tool wear based on the results of cutting.


Keywords –crater wear, flank wear, chip shaping, machining time, cutting force, tool life.



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