Vol.10, No.2, May 2021.                                                                                                                                                                                    ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                         eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Development of Professional Learning Communities Model using Fuzzy Delphi Approach


Kamarudin Ismail, Rosnah Ishak, Siti Hajar Kamaruddin


© 2021 Kamarudin Ismail, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 872-878, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM102-48, May 2021.


Received: 16 October 2020.

Revised:   21 April 2021.
Accepted: 26 April 2021.
Published: 27 May 2021.




This article aimed to design and develop Professional Learning Communities (PLCs) model and a questionnaire survey instrument for Malaysian schools using Fuzzy Delphi Method (FDM) in the Design and Development Research (DDR). In Phase 1, literature on PLCs was reviewed to identify the needs of the professional learning communities’ model according to the local context. In Phase 2, an agreement of 14 experts on the questionnaire was obtained from FDM. In Phase 3, the evaluation of the questionnaire by 5 experts to assess the questionnaire’s usability was gathered. Based on the final results, a total of 121 items was accepted. The agreement of the experts was between (90% to 100%) and the value of the threshold, d was between (0.09 – 0.18). In conclusion, FDM in DDR is significant to be applied in the development of a model, practical and cost-saving.


Keywords –Fuzzy Delphi Method, Professional learning communities, questionnaire, school.



Full text PDF >  



Copyright © 2021 UIKTEN
Copyright licence: All articles are licenced via Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 licence