Vol.10, No.2, May 2021.                                                                                                                                                                                    ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                         eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Testing the Applicability of “Ecologically Friendly” Energy Sources in Household Electricity Consumption in Bulgaria


Georgi Chankov, Nikolay Hinov


© 2021 Nikolay Hinov, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 531-539, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM102-07, May 2021.


Received: 23 February 2021.

Revised:   27 March 2021.
Accepted:  01 April 2021.
Published: 27 May 2021.




The EU’s “Green Deal” plans a carbonfree energy mix, neglecting nuclear energy, despite high social costs. Photovoltaic and wind power plants lack proper solutions for storing the excessive electricity. Their EROI is still lower compared to that of conventional sources. A complementary pair of combined cycle gas turbines (CCGT) and photovoltaics is a good solution for regular electricity supplies for households at affordable prices. Such a model is based on consumption data in Ruse (Bulgaria), delivered by Nicola Mihaylov et al. It also includes data, delivered by RIS Elektro OOD – a solar park operator. Matching consumption fluctuations with production fluctuations gives the following: A 1 MW CCGT that supplies up to 1,600-1700 households is combined with a 250 kW photovoltaic park. The calculations show that because of the park the CCGT should operate with lower EROI and "green surcharge" in the consumers’ price. The optimal solution for energy deliveries requires a better balance between political, technical and economic factors.


Keywords –Green deal, EROI, RES, efficiency, complementary pair, CCGT, photovoltaics, electricity consumption.



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