Vol.10, No.1, February 2021.                                                                                                                                                                           ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Promoting Sustainable Development in School Classrooms: Using Reciprocal Teaching in Mathematics Education


Sarfraz Aslam, Atif Saleem, Ali Usman Hali, BaoHui Zhang


© 2021 BaoHui Zhang, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 392-400, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM101-49, February 2021.


Received: 06 August 2020.

Revised:   30 December 2020.
Accepted:  05 January 2021.
Published: 27 February 2021.




Many elementary students face difficulties in solving word-based, mathematical problems. This study explores using the reciprocal teaching instructional strategy for word-based, mathematical problems at the elementary level. We used a quasiexperimental research design for this study to address the reciprocal teaching environment design, implementation, and evaluation at elementary level mathematics education. Two sixth grade model classes, A & B, of a public secondary school from the district of Okara, Punjab, Pakistan, were selected for this study. Reciprocal teaching for mathematics appears to be an essential strategy for nurturing a more in-depth understanding of the text of mathematical word problems at the elementary level. This instructional approach could enhance an extraordinary level of skill in critical thinking, reasoning, and understanding.


Keywords: Mathematics, word-based problems, reciprocal teaching, elementary level, reflections.



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