Vol.10, No.1, February 2021.                                                                                                                                                                           ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Entrepreneurship Motivation in the 21st Century in Terms of Pull and Push Factors


Zsuzsanna Gódány, Renáta Machová, Ladislav Mura, Tibor Zsigmond


© 2021 Ladislav Mura, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 334-342, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM101-42, February 2021.


Received: 02 December 2020.

Revised:   04 February 2021.
Accepted: 11 February 2021.
Published: 27 February 2021.




The socio-economic importance of entrepreneurship in the 21st century in relation to economic growth has become undisputable on local and global level both in terms of macroeconomic indicators, as well as the micro environment. Despite the above, this field still offers questions to be addressed, and these are related to the entrepreneurs themselves, entrepreneurial behaviour, motivation to start business, but also the entrepreneurial environment that encourages or hampers their activities or attitudes. Entrepreneurial motivation is often related to push and pull factors. This study analyses entrepreneurial motivation through push and pull factors. The central aspiration of this research, which was conducted according to problem-oriented quantitative methodology, is founded on the information analysis from the respondents in the following fields: motivation to start business, attitudes related to success and financial vs. non-financial success. To answer the research question the questionnaire survey was chosen as a data collection method. Findings indicated that people quit their employment because they are forced to do as a result of certain push factors, which have fundamental influence on decision or motivation to start their own business.


Keywords: entrepreneurship, SME, pull and push factors, motivation.



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