Vol.9, No.1, February 2020.                                                                                                                                                                           ISSN: 2217-8309

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        eISSN: 2217-8333


TEM Journal



Association for Information Communication Technology Education and Science

Creation an Information Model of the Bulgarian National Embroidery for Presentation and in Knowledge Bases


Desislava Baeva


© 2020 Desislava Baeva, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Citation Information: TEM Journal. Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 101-106, ISSN 2217-8309, DOI: 10.18421/TEM91-15, February 2020.


Received: 07 October 2019.

Revised:   11 January 2020.
Accepted:  18 January 2020.
Published: 28 February 2020.




Embroidery, as a decoration of the folk costume, is an integral part of the overall composition of the garment. It is a source of information for contemporary researchers about the aesthetic and moral norms of our ancestors, about their ancient gods, beliefs and traditions that have lost their popularity these days. Over time, the embroideries have lost the meaning of a sacral element, and many of them have been modified, geometricized and stylized, but in their infinite variety they represent an extremely valuable historical heritage. Regardless their uniqueness and diversity, national embroideries carry some compulsory elements that can be summarized and required when creating knowledge bases with information about them. A formalized model of semantic information, carried by the Bulgarian national embroidery, is presented, with a detailed description of its specifics. Along with the commonly accepted standardized forms, the characters encoded as a positive, negative or hidden element are also stored. The characteristics thus selected, make it possible to build a knowledge base such as a semantic network based on the subjective semantics of the elements. The aim is to provide an opportunity to search and display comprehensive information about an individual artefact, to study it in the context of such monuments and to create a collection for further socialization.


Keywords –semantic net, applied ontologies, information model.



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